By Elizabeth Rose
American citizens this present day reside with conflicting rules approximately day care. We criticize moms who decide on to not remain at domestic, yet we strain ladies on welfare to go away their teenagers at the back of. We realize the advantages of early formative years schooling, yet don't offer it as a public correct until eventually young children input kindergarten. our kids are precious, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly lady staff which cares for them. we're not fairly convinced if day care is damaging or invaluable for kids, or if moms should still relatively be within the staff. to raised know the way now we have arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.
A Mother's Job is the 1st booklet to provide such an exploration. to that end examine of Philadelphia, Rose examines the various meanings of day take care of households and companies from the overdue 19th century throughout the postwar prosperity of the Fifties. Drawing on richly exact files created by way of social employees, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.
How did day care switch from a charity for negative unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a well-known want of standard households by way of 1960? This booklet lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social staff who administered it. We see day care in the course of the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.
This quantity will attract someone attracted to figuring out the roots of our present day care hindrance, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns within which the main questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social historical past, women's historical past, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will stumble upon a lot priceless details during this well-written book.
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Extra info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
Most of the day nurseries charged a small fee— usually between ﬁve and ten cents a day—but these fees were largely symbolic, intended to preserve the idea that the day nursery was not “pauperizing” poor families by giving them something for nothing. (Of course to families struggling to make ends meet, even a very small fee was more than symbolic, often becoming another burden. )87 Most of the money necessary to operate the nurseries, however, had to come from other sources. Sometimes a board member would give some of her own income to keep a nursery aﬂoat.
34 Establishing Day Care, 1890 –1930 Over and over again, nursery reports spoke of efforts to make the nurseries “a home” for the children who spent time there. To women anxious about creating cold institutions, the word home suggested comfort, beauty, safety, morality, nurture, and health. Because nurseries were presented as an alternative to orphanages, it seemed particularly important to stress their homelike environment. ”130 Similarly, when the managers of the Lincoln Day Nursery praised their matron, it was for her qualities as a surrogate mother: “Mrs.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003) by Elizabeth Rose