Read e-book online Airpower & the Cult of the Offensive PDF

By John R. Carter

ISBN-10: 1410221245

ISBN-13: 9781410221247

Significant Carter explores 3 case reviews that experience very important similarities: the doctrine of significant Britain's Royal Air strength from 1918 to 1938, the Israeli Air Force's approach from 1967 to 1973, and the U.S. Air Force's approach from 1953 to 1965. He starts via setting up the theoretical heritage invaluable for case examine research. He dissects the connection among offense and protection to find that airpower security enjoys neither a bonus of place nor of time. He examines the character of offense and safeguard as they observe to airpower and gives purposes army association may well desire offensive doctrines. significant Carter identifies the weather and implications of the cult of the offensive.

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Example text

During the 1920s, Trenchard often appeared before the committee. He argued that airpower could directly strike an enemy’s heartland, that Britain was likewise exposed to such attacks, and that the economical answer to Britain’s security woes was to bolster the RAF and its offensive power at the expense of the other services. Naturally the other services voiced different views of the utility of airpower. As a result of the constant battle against critics, the Air Staff may have begun to believe its own rhetoric and that its claims for future performance were not only predictions but also realities.

The group targets, which evolved into area targets during the war, did not require the same accuracy since there were many desired impact points within close proximity of each other. These targets could be struck from high-altitude deliveries. All of the testing of these 49 CADRE PAPER deliveries, however, was done in good weather without any compensation for enemy defenses. Neither these tests, nor other objective evaluations, adequately addressed night or bad weather techniques, or the avoidance of enemy defenses and the inaccuracies this would induce.

In Snyder’s model, the choice between an offensive or defensive strategy arises from the interaction of these three forces: rational calculation, motivational bias, and simplification bias. When these variables lead to conflicting doctrinal choices, the one with the strongest case dominates. If the organizational ethos is at stake, motivational bias dominates. If the military has powerful, centralized institutions, simplification bias dominates. If incontrovertible evidence of the efficacy of either offense or defense exists, rational calculation dominates.

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Airpower & the Cult of the Offensive by John R. Carter

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