By Blake R. Beattie
This quantity examines a mostly missed Avignonese legation to Tuscany and the Papal States, and assesses its influence on Avignonese papal coverage in Italy.
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Additional info for Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (The Medieval Mediterranean)
1341), Napoleone Orsini (d. 1342) and Raymond des Farges (d. 1346) were alive to attend his funeral obsequies in December 1334. 25 See Mollat, Les papes, pp. 38–59. 12 chapter one As chancellor to Kings Charles II and Robert of Naples from 1308 to 1310, John had acquired a far greater knowledge of Italian aﬀairs than Clement ever had. 26 John’s policy incorporated a number of distinct though interconnected objectives: the paciﬁcation of Italy through the conjoint application of legatine and Angevin arms; the destruction of the resurgent Ghibelline alliance; the restoration of Guelf primacy in the peninsula; and the transfer of some or even all imperial rights in Italy to the crowns of France and Naples.
If Robert was genuinely concerned about, say, the expansion of Visconti power in Lombardy or the activities of Castruccio Castracani in Tuscany, he can hardly be faulted for caring a good deal more about the designs of his Aragonese rivals in Sicily. John XXII knew Robert very well, and harbored no illusions about Robert’s ambitions; at the same time, he was an imperious and impatient man who had a tendency to forget, at times, that friends were not always subordinates. The king of Naples was an ally, not an agent of the pope.
25–52, and, with attention to his failed initiative at Bologna, A. Veronesi, “La legazione del cardinale Napoleone Orsini in Bologna nel 1306,” Atti e memorie della R. deputazione di Storia Patria per le provincie di Romagna, ser. 3, 28 (1910), pp. 79–133. 14 Bowsky, Henry VII, p. 231, n. 52. 12 8 chapter one Guercino died at Lucca in December (a bad month for cardinals en route to Italy, it would seem), but Niccolò Albertini of Prato negotiated the emperor’s Genoese signoria in the fall of 1311, and Luca Fieschi journeyed to Naples on Henry’s behalf in May 1312 in an ultimately fruitless attempt to eﬀect a marital alliance between the houses of Naples and Luxembourg.
Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (The Medieval Mediterranean) by Blake R. Beattie